How Can Hong Kong and Taiwan Cooperate to Face the Threat of China?

How Can Hong Kong and Taiwan Cooperate to Face the Threat of China?
Photo Credit: Reuters/達志影像

What you need to know

There are many ways for Taiwan and Hong Kong to cooperate if one is creative.

With the recent disqualification of four Hong Kong legislatures over an oath-taking row, democratic freedoms in Hong Kong seem further on the retreat than ever. Among the disqualified legislators are legislators who entered electoral politics following the 2014 Umbrella Movement, including Nathan Law, Yau Siu-Lai, and Edward Yiu, and longtime pan-democratic activists such as “Long Hair” Leung Kwok-Hung. Previously disqualified legislators include Baggio Leung and Yau Wai-Ching of Youngspiration, who were also post-Umbrella Movement activists, and advocates of Hong Kong independence, such as Edward Leung of Hong Kong Indigenous, were never allowed to run to begin with.

It remains a question, then, as to what Taiwan can do to help Hong Kong in its moment of plight. Although after the Sunflower and Umbrella Movements in 2014, it was frequently raised that it seemed like a natural step for post-Sunflower and post-Umbrella activists to begin cooperating at an intimate level. Many key leaders of both movements actually knew each other beforehand, and exchanges have taken place at the grassroots level, but close cooperation is easier said than done.

While key figures of the Sunflower Movement and Umbrella Movement as members of the New Power Party and Demosisto have held joint press conferences in the past, and Joshua Wong did to call for kidnapped Taiwanese NGO worker Lee Ming-che’s release, for exchanges to occur on a deeper level would be difficult. As Wong stated in a New Bloom interview last year, the difference between Hong Kong and Taiwan is that “The Taiwan Strait separates Taiwan from China, but there is only a river between Hong Kong and China.” Hong Kong activists may be able to fly to Taiwan to visit Taiwan, but Taiwanese activists are sometimes prevented from entering Hong Kong, and this makes exchanges of material support more or less impossible except solidarity from a distance.

As such, where it is possible for Taiwan and Hong Kong to aid each other will be acting in a manner complementary of their respective strengths and weaknesses, and with the knowledge that both standing together is better than one standing alone. For example, Hong Kong is known throughout the world in a manner more than Taiwan, but Taiwan is geopolitically significant as a possible flashpoint for future conflict in the Asia Pacific in a way that Hong Kong is not. Yet either way, Taiwan and Hong Kong standing together raises the profile of both in terms of raising awareness of the influence of the “China factor” in Asian countries.

Consequently, showing how the effects of how Chinese influence has proved deleterious to political freedoms both in Hong Kong and Taiwan can be crucial in raising awareness of China’s human rights violations. This makes it harder for members of the international community to ignore that China’s negative impact on political freedoms occurs across the board, and will ultimately benefit both.

Although it has sometimes been a matter of concern in Taiwan that more visible collaboration with Hong Kong may allow China to more justifiably scale up its actions in Hong Kong with the claim that Hong Kong activists are colluding with foreign actors to stir up separatist tendency, it seems that China’s bottom line is becoming shallower and shallower. For better or worse, this concern that accusations of collaboration will be undermining of both movements may become a moot concern, then. Furthermore, it may be useful showing to the world that young people in the Sinophone world facing threats from Chinese incursion have banded together to resist China, indicative of how this is a generational struggle not specific to either Hong Kong or Taiwan.

Closer cooperation could perhaps take place, then, perhaps not with simply joint, occasional press conferences held in Taiwan, but jointly written articles published in international media outlets. Or, as both Sunflower Movement and Umbrella Movement activists have at times taken to international speaking tours in the U.S. and other nations in order to raise awareness of their plight, as well as meeting with world leaders.

Taiwan and Hong Kong can have many ways to cooperate if one is creative. The concrete means of realizing such cooperation remain to be seen, but creative strategies will be of benefit.

(The News Lens has been authorized to repost this article. The piece was first published on New Bloom here. New Bloom is an online magazine covering activism and youth politics in Taiwan and the Asia Pacific, founded in Taiwan in 2014 in wake of the Sunflower Movement.)

Editor: Olivia Yang