The Third Force: Small Parties You Might Not Know About in Taiwan

The Third Force: Small Parties You Might Not Know About in Taiwan
Photo Credit: Andrew S @Flickr CC BY-ND 2.0
powered by Cyberon

The News Lens international edition is sponsored by Tutor A B C

By Jeff Tsai

According to the Ministry of Interior, there are currently 275 registered political parties in Taiwan. This is a huge number of parties and highlights the different issues that the Taiwan society has interest in. From environmental safety, immigration, labor benefits, culture and social justice to the traditional areas of Taiwan politics – such as identity, economy, and national policy – it seems that Taiwan has a political party for every concern.

While the news often portrays Taiwan politics as just the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) vs. Kuomintang (KMT), there are also other smaller parties at play, namely the PFP (People First Party) and the TSU (Taiwan Solidarity Union). Since the presidential and legislative elections are coming up, let’s take a look at some of the smaller parties of Taiwan and what they stand for.

1. PFP (People First Party)
Photo Credit: People First Party Facebook Page

Borne out of the rift within the KMT during the mid-1990s, the PFP is seen as a more pro-unification party in the spectrum of Taiwanese parties regarding unification or independence. You may have heard about the leader, James Soong, who participated in every public presidential election except 1995 and 2008. He announced his candidacy for the 2016 election in early August 2015.

Currently holding three seats in the Legislative Yuan, the PFP is seen as a small but nonetheless important force in national politics. Although different parties, the PFP and KMT work together over different issues due to similar viewpoints.

2. TSU (Taiwan Solidarity Union)
Photo Credit: Taiwan Solidarity Union Facebook Page

On the other end of the spectrum, the TSU is more pro-independence minded compared with the DPP. It claims Lee Teng-hui to be its “spiritual founder” and views itself as continuing his policies after he completed his term in 2000. The party currently holds two seats in the Legislative Yuan and largely works in cooperation with the DPP. One may argue that their relationship is similar to the KMT and PFP.

The party has some presence in demonstrations, particularly ones that are anti-KMT or anti-China. Its hardline stance appeals to those who see the recent relationship between Taiwan and China as wrong.

3. Taiwan Citizen Union
Photo Credit: Taiwan Citizen Union Facebook Page

Created just before the Sunflower Movement (about two to three weeks beforehand) but approved afterwards, the Citizen Union seeks to be the third force to inject new dynamics in the stale DPP and KMT political map. Its main platform is to reform the government to allow greater transparency and more importantly, the voice of the people. It is a force comprised of the younger late-Martial Law period members who believes in empowering Taiwan, especially through the young voting bloc. They are fielding candidates this year for the 2016 elections on the platform of a different voice in the Legislative Yuan.

4. Green Party
Photo Credit: Green Party Facebook Page

Environmentalism is the focus on this party, with the aim to safeguard Taiwan’s natural environment and ecosystem. Formed during the mid-1990s, this party may not be as new as some of the other parties, but it created history when Robin Winkler announced his candidacy for the Green Party in the upcoming 2016 Legislative Yuan elections. He is the first U.S.-born naturalized citizen to run for public office.

Some people confuse this party with the DPP or the Pan-Green Coalition due to the similar name (supporters of the DPP are described as being green). Although they lean closer to the independence side of the political spectrum, they remain environment-minded.

5. NPP (New Power Party)
Photo Credit: New Power Party Facebook Page

One of the parties formed after the Sunflower Movement, this fledgling party fashions itself as a new-generational party. Its origins stem from the Citizen Union mentioned earlier in this article; the NPP was created by former Citizen Union members after a falling out. It is to no surprise that most members are of the young generation like that of the Citizen Union. Famous members/staff include Freddy Lim who is the lead singer of the metal band Chthonic, Huang Kuo-chang who was one of the prominent lawyers of the Sunflower Movement, and Hung Tzu-yung who is the sister of the late Cpl. Hung (Hung Chung-chiu) whose death led to mass protests in mid-2013. Su Beng, a revolutionary who is famous for planning an assassination attempt on Chiang Kai-shek during the mid-1950s figures prominently in the party as well. (As of October 2015, it is now the third largest political party).

Fun fact: Hao Party
Hao Party’s certificate of being a registered political party. Photo Credit: Screenshot from TVBS News

During the wave of Linsanity in Taiwan, there was a drive to create a political party named the “Jeremy Lin Party.” It was predictably denied, but the name changed to the Hao Party and was accepted. The founding member is named Mr. Jeremy Lin Chu, who thought of Jeremy Lin as a good icon for a healthy and fruitful life. The party does not participate much in the political scene, but it nevertheless shows the diversity of what agendas parties pursue in Taiwan.

The News Lens has been authorized to repost this article. The original text is published on Outreach for Taiwan here: The Third Force: Small Parties in Taiwan

First Editor: Olivia Yang
Second Editor: Joey Chung

Outreach For Taiwan (OFT) strives to educate others about Taiwan by providing information and understanding about the political atmosphere, current events, and historical relevance of Taiwan. Outreach For Taiwan holds workshops and other events to fulfill its mission to educate young proponents and supporters of Taiwan on how to advocate for Taiwan.

OFT is not connected to any political party, nationality, or ethnicity.

Looking for More?
More『Opinion』Articles More『Politics』Articles More『精選轉載』Articles