Vietnam is a country whose history is riddled with war. From the Chinese occupation to the French Colonization to the extremely controversial Vietnam War (officially referred to as the American War in Vietnam), the country surely hasn’t had it easy. But despite a difficult past, the Vietnamese persevere.

My first stop through Vietnam was Ho Chi Minh City, the hub of South Vietnam. Commonly known as Saigon, this is the largest city within Vietnam itself. There’s still quite a bit of colonial architecture remaining in Ho Chi Minh City today, as well as prominent structures, wide boulevards, and various museums. You’ll hear talks of various districts, but know that most of the things to do and see are located in District 1 – the heart of downtown. If you stay at the right hotel, you will be able to walk to every site worth seeing.


Credit: Sarah Gallo

It is worth noting that two-thirds of the population were born after 1975, so you’ll see an influx of young faces. No matter the age, everyone is extremely friendly… yes, even if you’re American. Despite our past, Vietnamese and Americans get along well today, especially as Vietnam has adopted much of our culture and music throughout the years.

While visiting Ho Chi Minh City, there are 7 sites to see…

1. War Remnants Museum

The War Remnants Museum was the #1 thing that drew me to Ho Chi Minh City. Whenever I visit a country that’s lived through war, genocide, or mass murder, I believe that it’s incredibly important to learn all that you can while there and pay tribute to those who lost their lives. As global citizens, we cannot turn our backs to atrocities but rather educate ourselves so that we do not repeat history. The War Remnants Museum, housed in a former United States Information Agency building, was originally known as the Exhibition House for US and Puppet Crimes in 1975, then Exhibition House for Crimes of War and Aggression in 1990 before it received the name it holds today in 1995 when relations between Vietnam and the United States normalized. The building is recognizable by the military equipment used during the war out front. Pay the entrance fee of 40,000 VND (about US$2) to access the grounds and be sure to spend some time checking out the tanks, fighter jets, and helicopters before heading inside. The museum itself largely features graphic images alongside some of the history of the Vietnam War. It is not for those with weak stomachs, as you will not be able to turn a blind eye to the atrocities that took place on the battlefields, nor the after effects of those who were exposed to Agent Orange. But alas, it’s an important experience for anyone visiting Vietnam…


Credit: Sarah Gallo

2. Independence Palace

Independence Palace, also known as Reunification Palace, is where Vietnam – you guessed it – received its independence. During the Vietnam War, it was the home of the President of South Vietnam, and it was also the site of the Fall of Saigon on April 30, 1975. A North Vietnamese Army tank crashed through the gates of the palace, thereby putting an end to the almost 20-year Vietnam War. Today, you can tour the palace for 40,000 VND ($2 USD) to get an inside look into how the former president lived.


Credit: Sarah Gallo

3. Notre-Dame Cathedral Basilica of Saigon

During the French Colonization period, the Roman Catholic Church began to establish religious ceremonies for the colonialists, and thus, the Notre-Dame Cathedral Basilica of Saigon was built. It was constructed between 1863 and 1880. The thing that makes this church unique is that all of the building materials were imported from France, particularly known for its red bricks.


Credit: Sarah Gallo

4. Saigon Central Post Office

Beside the Cathedral, you will find the Saigon Central Post Office, constructed between 1886 and 1891. Once inside, you will find two original maps – one showing “Telegraphic lines of Southern Vietnam and Cambodia 1892” and the other showing “Saigon and its surroundings 1892.” At the end of the hall, you’ll find a massive portrait of Ho Chi Minh, the Prime Minister, President, and Chairman of the Communist Workers’ Party of Vietnam.


Credit: Sarah Gallo

5. Ho Chi Minh City Hall

While I honestly don’t have much to say about the city hall, it’s a beautiful piece of French Colonial architecture surrounded by some lovely gardens. It’s a great spot to take some photos, though the building itself is not open to the public.


Credit: Sarah Gallo

6. Bến Thành Market

The Bến Thành Market is one of the oldest buildings in Saigon, dating back to the early 17th century and, today, is the largest market in Saigon. You can find all different kinds of souvenirs and textiles, as well as foods and beverages. We opted for a delicious mango smoothie for only 20,000 VND (less than $1 USD). Definitely a great thirst quencher after walking around in the heat all morning! If you’re not a market person, you could always grab a tea at Drink Vietnam.


Credit: Sarah Gallo

7. SkyDeck at Bitexco Financial Tower

Standing at 262 meters, Bitexco Financial Tower is the tallest building in Ho Chi Minh City and dominates the skyline. It’s said to be in the shape of a lotus bud – Vietnam’s national flower – and to reflect the beauty of the city. Make your way to the 49th floor for outstanding views of the city, but make sure to book your tickets in advance. It’s 200,000 VND (about US$9) to go to the SkyDeck and take in the views!


Credit: Sarah Gallo

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Sarah Gallo authors The Five Foot Traveler, a blog detailing her trips to 100 countries and counting.The News Lens has adapted and republished this article with permission.

Editor: Nick Aspinwall (@Nick1Aspinwall)

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